What Is Cancer?
Cancer is actually a group of lots of related illness that all involve cells. Cells are the very small systems that make up all living things, including the body. There are billions of cells in each individual's body.
Cancer happens when cells that are not typical grow and spread out really fast. Typical body cells grow and divide and understand to stop growing. Over time, they also pass away. Unlike these regular cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and don't pass away when they're expected to.
Cancer cells usually group or clump together to form tumors (state: TOO-mers). A growing growth ends up being a lump of cancer cells that can ruin the typical cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make someone really ill.
In some cases cancer cells break away from the initial growth and travel to other areas of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new growths. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a brand-new place in the body is called metastasis (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Reasons for Cancer
You most likely understand a kid who had chickenpox-- maybe even you. But you most likely do not understand any kids who've had cancer. If you packed a big football arena with kids, most likely only one child because arena would have cancer.
Medical professionals aren't sure why some people get cancer and others don't. They do know that cancer is not infectious. You can't capture it from somebody else who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by germs, like colds or the influenza are. So do not be afraid of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can talk to, play with, and hug somebody with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids believe that a bump on the head triggers brain cancer or that bad people get cancer. This isn't true! Kids don't do anything incorrect to get cancer. However some unhealthy routines, especially smoking or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot more most likely to get cancer when you end up being a grownup.
Learning about Cancer
It can take a while for a doctor to determine a kid has cancer. That's since the signs cancer can trigger-- weight loss, fevers, swollen glands, or feeling overly exhausted or ill for a while-- normally are not triggered by cancer. When a kid has these issues, it's often brought on by something less major, like an infection. With medical testing, the physician can find out what's triggering the problem.
If the doctor thinks cancer, he or she can do tests to determine if that's the issue. A medical professional may order X-rays and blood tests and recommend the person go to see an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a physician who looks after and deals with cancer clients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to discover Helpful hints if somebody actually has cancer. If so, tests can determine what kind of cancer it is and if it has spread to other parts of the body. Based on the results, the physician will choose the very best method to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a cosmetic surgeon) might carry out is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). During a biopsy, a piece of tissue is removed from a tumor or a place in the body where cancer is thought, like the bone marrow. Don't fret-- someone getting this test will get unique medication to keep him or her comfy throughout the biopsy. The sample that's gathered will be taken a look at under a microscopic lense for cancer cells.
The earlier cancer is discovered and treatment starts, the much better someone's chances are for a full recovery and cure.
Treating Cancer Carefully
Cancer is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or sometimes a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on:
Surgery is the oldest type of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to remove it. During surgery, the physician tries to get as numerous cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue might likewise be eliminated to ensure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is the usage of anti-cancer medications (drugs) to deal with cancer. These medications are in some cases taken as a tablet, however normally are provided through an unique intravenous (state: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, likewise called an IV. An IV is a small plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is put into a vein through someone's skin, typically on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medicine. The medicine flows from the bag into a vein, which puts the medicine into the blood, where it can travel throughout the body and attack cancer cells.